Way 2 Cool
Way 2 Cool
|Red Hat 7.1 / Win2k Dual
The following is a "cookbook" appoach to dual booting RedHat 7.1 and Windows 2000 and was written while installing on my Compaq 1800T laptop. Hopefully I have documented the process well enough that you won't have questions; however, if you do have questions, try reading through the installation manual on the Red Hat site before you begin.
This installation assumes that you have a 20 gig hard drive with Win2k already installed. If you are starting with a clean hard drive, set a 50 megabyte partition at the beginning of the drive to hold the Linux /boot partition. This should be left unformatted or set to Ext2fs. The reason for the small partition is to hold the Linux kernel image, which needs to be installed before the 1024th cylinder of the hard disk. After setting the 50 meg partition, set a partition for Win2k ( I chose about 11 gigs). The remainder of the drive does not need to be partitioned or formatted at this point. Now, intall Win2k and then proceed to step 3.
If you are starting with Win2k already installed, start with step 1.
1. Resize partition with Partition Magic - I went from 20 gigs on the C: partition to just under 11 gigs.
2. Using Partition Magic, move the C: partition so that there's 50 megs of unformatted space before the C: partition
3. Reboot box and set the BIOS to boot from CD (If necessary).
4. Reboot with Red Hat ISO image - disk 1 in CD drive.
5. Press Enter to install RedHat in graphical mode (image will load).
Choose language (English).
7. Keyboard Configuration
Choose Model, layout, dead keys (generic 105-key, U.S. English, Enable dead keys).
8. Mouse Configuration
Choose mouse. (3-button (PS/2) Select Emulate 3 Buttons.
9. At the Welcome screen.
10. Installation Type
Choose Custom System for install type.
11. Disk Partitioning
For Partitioning, choose Manual with Disk Druid.
12. Disk Druid Partitions - Click HERE for a screenshot.
LEAVE THIS PARTITION ALONE
NOTE: The type may be NTFS - it doen't matter, just leave it be. This is the Windows partition.
NOTE: If you pre-formatted or set aside a 50 meg partition, you will see it listed. Highlight it and click Edit and designate it as /boot.
Click Add and make it look similar to the following: [help]
NOTE: Set the /home partition to Use Remaining Space.
NOTE: I'm running 320 MB RAM and equalling it in the swap file.
The Drive Summary should equal 100% of the drive.
HINT: Putting /home on a separate partition is optional, but it is a good way to save information on a partition separate from the main 3 linux partitions (/boot, /, and swap). Should you ever need to re-install Red Hat due to problems, you can choose not to re-format the /home partition and keep all the information saved there, while getting a fresh installation of Red Hat to work with. If this is the case, you must know the designation of the /home partition so that you don't over-write it on the new installation. In the example above it is hda7. If you need to recheck this, type df in a terminal window.
I have broken quite a few programs and libraries while learning what I can and cannot do while working in the Linux O/S. It is often easier for the novice to do a re-install of the O/S rather than to try to repair the many files that may be changed during a program installation. In most cases, even if Linux won't boot from the hard drive, you can boot it from the floppy you'll make as a part of this installation.
You can then move copies of the files you want to save into the /home directory. I usually move in the /etc directory. (This directory contains most of the configuration files - think of it as similar to the registry in Windows.) I also move in the /usr directory. This is where many of the programs reside. Since I have worked hard on setting up my firewall configuration and don't want to loose it, getting a copy of it from /usr/sbin is important. I also have many custom configured programs that run from /usr/local/bin.
After a re-installation of Red Hat, I can refer to my config files in /home/backup/etc to reconfigure my programs and move back in scripts and programs that were kept in the /usr directory. This can keep the time involved in re-configuring you box to a minimum.
14. Choose to format the partitions /, /boot, and /home. You may enable check for bad blocks if you wish.
Lilo Configuration Click HERE
Create Boot Disk
Default boot image should be UNCHECKED
16. Network Configuration
I use a static IP for my box, so I use the following for my Network Configuration:
Uncheck Configure using DHCP - this allows you to enter the IP Address information.
NOTE: This assumes that the computer is on a network and is not the server. If this is not the case, research this before starting the installation.
Configure using DHCP (No)
(my cat, if you must know)
17. Firewall Configuration
NOTE: I set up a cursory firewall on installation, then install my own firewall after the box is up. Install something NOW. You do not want to have the box on the internet without SOME KIND of firewall, even if it is just for a few minutes while you setup your internet connection. PERIOD! This will get you going without opening up too much.
Choose your security level - medium
Trusted devices: eth0
18. Language Selection
Choose the default language - English
19.Time Zone Selection
Location = America/New York. (The info on the UTC tab will be set automatically - NY is UTC-05 US Eastern)
Select Daylight Saving Time (if applicable)
20. Account Configuration
Root Password (make it good!) Twice.
21. Same screen: Add an account.
Mine looks like this:
Account name: petey
Password: some_password Password (confirm): some_password
Full Name: petey
add another account if you wish, then
22. Authentication Configuration
Check - Enable MD5 passwords
Check - Enable Shadow passwords
Leave the next 3 boxes disabled unless you know you need them. You can set them up as you need them from within Red Hat.
23. Package Group Selection -- Scroll to bottom and select Everything (total install size 2,288M).
Selecting everthing gives you an extensive selection of software. Much more than the average user will need; however, until you know what you will and won't use, it is a great way to start learning what's available.
24. X Configuration
ATI Rage Mobility
RAM 16 MB
HINT: If your hardware is fairly recent, it will be detected. It is pretty safe to go with whatever is listed on the screen. If the X, Monitor and/or Graphics configuration aren't set correctly, you will probably end up with Red Hat giving errors and running in text mode after you boot up. I usually go with what is listed as the default configuration and tweak it later. In the case of this laptop, no tweaking was necessary. The default settings were perfect.
25. Monitor Configuration
Choose your configuration - if what is displayed, is close, go with it. You can change this later by running Xconfigurator, but for now we just need it to boot up to a GUI screen.
My settings are:
H Sync 30-110 kHz
V Sync 60-110 Hz
26. Customize Graphics
Color = High Color (16 bit)
Resolution = 1024x768
Press the test setting button and choose Yes if you see the message.
Choose Gnome for desktop environment and
Graphical for login type.
27. About to Install -- Click Next.
28. Installing Packages - The installation process copies the files to the hard drive.
29. Boot Disk Creation - Insert a formatted floppy and click Next.
30. Congratulations, installation is complete. Click Exit.
If all went well, you should get a Red Hat boot screen with the choice of linux and dos.
There are some additional setup hints in the Compaq 1800T article.
If you want to run the Win2k (NT4) boot
loader, take a look at NT / Linux dual boot